A brass block of cooling to -50 degrees was thrown into water weighing 100 grams at a temperature of 25 degrees. What is the minimum weight a bar should have for the water to freeze?
mw = 100 g = 0.1 kg.
Cw = 4200 J / kg * ° C.
q = 3.4 * 105 J / kg.
t1 = 25 ° C.
t2 = 0 ° C.
t3 = – 50 ° C.
Cl = 400 J / kg * ° C.
In order for the water to freeze, it must first be cooled from t1 to the crystallization temperature t2, and then at this temperature it must be turned into a solid state.
The amount of heat energy Q that will be released during this process can be found by the formula: Q = Cw * mw * (t1 – t2) + q * mw.
The required amount of heat Q, to obtain ice from water, will be given by a brass part when it cools from temperature t3 to temperature t2.
Q = Cl * ml * (t2 – t3).
Cw * mw * (t2 – t1) + q * mw = Cl * ml * (t2 – t3).
The formula for determining the mass of a brass bar will take the form: ml = (Cw * mw * (t2 – t1) + q * mw) / Cl * (t2 – t3).
ml = (4200 J / kg * ° C * 0.1 kg * (25 ° C – 0 ° C) + 3.4 * 105 J / kg * 0.1 kg) / 400 J / kg * ° C * ( 0 ° C – (- 50 ° C)) = 2.225 kg.
Answer: a brass bar should have a mass of ml = 2.225 kg.
One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.