# At what maximum internal resistance is a source with an emf of 70 V able to boil 5 kg

At what maximum internal resistance is a source with an emf of 70 V able to boil 5 kg of water taken at 313 K in 1 hour?

Data: ε (source EMF) = 70 V; m (mass of boiled water) = 5 kg; t1 (initial temperature) = 313 K (40 ºС); t (duration of source operation) = 1 h = 3600 s; the external resistance of the source is taken to be zero (R = 0 Ohm).

Constants: t2 (boiling point of water) = 100 ºС; Sv (specific heat of water) = 4200 J / (kg * K).

Solution: Sv * m * (t2 – t1) = I ^ 2 * r * t = (ε / (R + r)) ^ 2 * r * t = ε ^ 2 * t / r, whence r = ε ^ 2 * t / Sv * m * (t2 – t1) = 70 ^ 2 * 3600 / (4200 * 5 * (100 – 40)) = 14 ohms. One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.