Formula 3-methylhexene: CH2 = CH-CH2 (CH3) -CH2-CH2-CH3;
Isomers are substances that have the same qualitative and quantitative composition, but different structures.
CH2 = CH-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3, name: hept-1-ene;
CH2 = C (CH3) -CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3, name: 2-methylhex-1-ene;
Homologues – substances which belong to the same class, have a similar structure and differ from each other by the -CH2- group – a homologous difference.
CH2 = CH-CH2 (CH3) -CH2-CH3, name: 3-methylpent-1-ene;
CH2 = CH-CH2 (CH3) -CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3, name: 3-methylhept-1-ene.
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