Give the characteristics of sulfuric acid according to the plan: a) formula; b) the presence of oxygen; c) basicity; d) solubility; e) the oxidation state of the acid-forming elements; e) the corresponding oxide.
Characteristics of sulfuric acid:
a) formula: rational formula – H2SO4
b) the presence of oxygen: oxygen is present (4 atoms), oxygen-containing acid
c) basicity: dibasic acid, 2 replaceable hydrogen atoms are present
d) solubility: miscible with water in any ratio to form oleum (H2SO4 * SO3)
e) oxidation states of acid-forming elements: hydrogen H = +, sulfur S = +6, oxygen O = -2
f) the corresponding oxide: SO3 – sulfuric acid anhydride
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