How does sexual and asexual reproduction in ferns take place?

In ferns, as in almost all higher spore plants, reproduction is divided into two stages, which are repeated one after the other and are interconnected. It happens like this:

1. Adult fern without sex produces spores;

2. Ripe spores, falling into a favorable environment, give rise to the sexual stage of reproduction;

3. Plants of different sexes emerge from the spores, which soon unite by accretion and from them a ready sexless fern is formed, ready to give the next set of spores.

Then this whole cycle is repeated.

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