We are talking about the period from the end of the XVIII century (industrial revolution), and for most countries for the XIX and most of the XX century. It depends on the country, in England it took shape earlier, and later in Russia, Romania or Serbia. The changes were as follows:
The percentage of the urban population has grown to 75-80% or more. Culture has become urban rather than rural, traditional and patriarchal.
The birth rate has decreased, there have been more divorces due to the emancipation of women, life expectancy has increased, and the population has slowly begun to grow.
Colonial goods (tea, coffee, cocoa, fruits), as well as more modern means of communication and transport (telephone, telegraph, railroad) became available to people.
The percentage of hired factory workers has grown, trade unions and a social security system (pensions) have emerged.
One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.