How to distinguish between covalent and ionic bonds?

There are two types of atomic bonds – ionic bonds and covalent bonds. They differ in their structure and properties.

A covalent bond is formed between two non-metals. The electrons are split between two atoms so that they can get a full outer shell. Covalent compounds do not conduct electricity.

An ionic bond is formed between metals and non-metals. Electrons are transferred from metal atoms to non-metal atoms to form ions. When dissolved, ionic compounds conduct electricity.

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