The ancient Egyptians considered the reigning pharaoh “the son of Ra”, the God-man, that is, the one who united the human and divine principles. As with any deity, altars and temples were dedicated to the pharaoh, which were served by special priests. The symbol of the king-god was the sphinx – a creature with the body of a lion and a human face. The attitude to the ruler as a deity was also manifested in many rituals: for example, during the flood of the Nile, the pharaoh lowered papyrus into the water, on which was inscribed the decree to start the flood. But the cult of the pharaoh is most clearly expressed in the funeral rite – for the pharaohs, even during their lifetime, giant tombs were built – pyramids, symbolizing the steps ascending to the sun. For example, the famous pyramids of Cheops Khephren and Menkaur in Giza, which are one of the Seven Wonders of the World. After his death, the pharaoh did not cease to be considered a god, but was now associated with the lord of the underworld, Osiris.
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