Name the scientists who laid the foundations for the modern classification of organisms.

The foundations of the scientific classification were laid by K. Linnaeus in the 18th century. Zh. V. Lamarck made a great contribution to the development of taxonomy, who developed the classification and systematics of plants according to natural characteristics and for the first time divided all animals into vertebrates and invertebrates. At the end of the 18th century, Antoine Jussier introduced the category of the family, and at the beginning of the 19th century, J. Cuvier formulated the concept of the type of animals. Following this, a category similar to the type – department – was introduced for plants. By the middle of the 19th century, some scientists (for example, Ernst Haeckel), along with animals and plants, began to identify a new kingdom of protists, which included bacteria, algae, fungi and unicellular animals. Charles Darwin proposed to understand the natural system as a result of the historical development of living nature.

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