One number is 40 less than the other. Find the sum if the larger number is 50.

Find the smaller of the two given numbers.
According to the condition of the problem, the larger number of the two data is 50, and the smaller number is less than the other number by 40, therefore, the smaller number of the two given numbers is:
50 – 40 = 10.
Knowing both numbers, we can now find the sum of these numbers:
50 + 10 = 60.
Answer: the sum of these numbers is 60.

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