Specific properties of carboxylic acids.

Specific properties.

1) Carboxylic acids react with alcohols to form esters (esterification).

2) Acid halides are formed with phosphorus halides.

3) In reactions of intermolecular dehydration, carboxylic acid anhydrides are formed.

4) Amides of carboxylic acids are formed with ammonia.

5) Carboxylic acids with halogens form alpha-halogenated carboxylic acids.

6) reduction reactions of carboxylic acids with strong reducing agents (Li [AlH4]).

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