The crisis of medieval European civilization in the XIV-XV centuries. Formation of absolute monarchies in European countries

The decline of agriculture, regular crop failures and famine led to the impoverishment of the peasants. Because of this, uprisings broke out. The fall of Byzantium and the constant wars in Europe weakened the medieval states. The transition to an absolute monarchy led to the subordination of the church to the state, strengthening the power of the rulers.

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