The section of the brain stem, in which the centers of the visual and auditory orienting reflexes are located, as well as some complex motor reflex acts?
This is the medulla oblongata. He is responsible for many very important functions. First of all, it regulates breathing and blood circulation. The medulla oblongata does not send impulses for the contraction of the heart. They take place directly in the heart. This part of the brain regulates itself, and the medulla is needed for digestion. He is also responsible for all protective reflexes. That is why when the medulla oblongata is damaged, almost instant death occurs. The connection between the brain and the whole body is lost and hypoxia sets in.
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