The unification of Germany in the 19th century: the main events of the unification process

During the revolutions of 1848-1849. the attempt of German liberals to achieve German unity failed, and later unification was to be carried out under the leadership of Prussia and its chancellor Bismarck.

In 1864, after the war with Denmark, the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein were annexed by Prussia and Austria.

In 1866, under the pretext of disagreements in the Holstein administration, Bismarck provoked a war between Prussia and Austria with the support of several German states.

Otto von Bismarck completes the unification of Germany in 1870. The victory of Prussia leads to the unification of the last states of Germany, and William I, King of Prussia, becomes crowned German emperor.

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