1. What functions does the root perform? 2. What root is called the main one, and what are the adventitious and lateral ones? 3. What root systems are called pivotal, and what fibrous ones? 4. What is the significance of hilling plants?
The root performs functions such as storing nutrients, absorbing water from the soil, and participating in plant reproduction. The main root is the root that develops from the embryonic root. The accessory root is the root that forms on the stems. Lateral root is a root grown from the main and adventitious roots. Root systems are called pivotal because they have a well-developed main root. If the root systems are called fibrous, then their main root is poorly developed, but the adventitious root is well developed. Hilling of plants is of great importance, thanks to hilling, the yield of potatoes increases.
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