1. What is a species for evolution? 2. What are the main differences between the species and highlight the main thing. 3.Can a change in relief affect speciation? 4. How do the concepts of “species” and “population” relate to each other?
A species is a taxonomic unit that actually exists in nature. The difference between species lies in genetic diversity: even individuals similar in structure and lifestyle cannot produce fertile offspring if they belong to different species.
The change in relief significantly affects speciation. If the population of one species is geographically separated (continental drift, water division, the appearance of mountains), then over time, the formation of two new species will occur (for example, the existence of endemics in Madagascar, Australia). \
A species in nature exists in the form of populations – separate groups of individuals in which the laws of evolution work.
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