The placenta is a special part in the mother’s body that unites the mother and the fetus, therefore the placenta is functionally necessary. The functions of the placenta include:
– hormonal – the processes of secretion of steroid hormones and hormones of a protein nature occur;
– nutrition – due to the placenta, the fetus receives all the necessary substances;
– respiratory – there is an exchange of oxygen between the mother and the fetus, as well as the removal of carbon dioxide;
– protective (most important) – prevents the emergence of “immune conflict”, and the placenta protects the fetus from the effects of various factors.
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