The main reason for the geographic zoning of the planet’s surface is its spherical shape, since in this way only the central part (close to the equator) is at right angles to the Sun and receives a lot of energy from it for a whole year. In other zones, as the distance from the equator increases, the angle of incidence of the rays also increases, and part of the solar energy is screened back into space. In the zones close to the poles, the rays almost do not hit the surface of the planet, but slide through the atmosphere, and so the Earth receives little energy.
One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.