What is the name of the science involved in breeding new varieties of plants and animal breeds?

There are two sciences that are involved in the development of new varieties of plants and animal breeds. The first science, which is older, is selection. It is based on the artificial selection of plants and animals with certain beneficial properties and characteristics. There are some disadvantages in breeding, such as a long time for the selection of the desired properties in organisms and not always a guaranteed result. A newer and more progressive science is genetic engineering. It is more accurate, safer and allows you to get the desired result much faster.

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