What is the significance of mosses in nature and human life?

Mosses, settling in meadows, in forests, cover the soil with a continuous carpet, making it difficult for air to enter it. This leads to acidification and waterlogging of soils. Leafy, especially sphagnum, mosses cover swamps with a continuous carpet and, dying off, form peat. Sphagnum contains carbolic acid, which has bactericidal properties, therefore remains of animals and plants are well preserved in peat deposits. Peat is a valuable fertilizer used as a raw material for the chemical industry (obtaining varnishes, paints, plastics, insulating tape, methyl alcohol and carbolic acid) and as a fuel.

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