What mark did the Spanish and Portuguese colonization leave in Latin America?

The Spanish colonization of Latin America can be counted from the voyage of Columbus and the construction of the first cities and forts on the islands of the Caribbean, for example, Santo Domingo (1496), the Portuguese colonization can be counted from the voyage of Cabral in 1500, and the first colony appeared in 1532.

They left a trace like this:

Religion – Catholicism. There are many more believers and Catholics than in Europe.
Languages ​​Spanish and Portuguese.
The composition of the population, mestizos, mulattoes, creoles.
Culture, cuisine, urban planning.
Geographic names: Santiago, Cartagena, Granada, they were copied from European cities.

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