What was the reason for the growth of industrial production in the first half of the 19th century? What were the consequences?

Industrial growth in the first half of the 19th century was closely associated with the technical progress of that period, that is, with the advent of the steam engine and the beginning of the construction of steamboats (from 1807) and steam locomotives (from 1804). For their work, coal was required, therefore mines were built, and a lot of metal was also required.

The second factor is the emergence of Watt and Cartythe machines. Mechanical lathes increased labor productivity tenfold. In addition, turning and milling machines were introduced.

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