What were the main goals and directions of Russian foreign policy during the reign of Alexander II?

The activities of Alexander II were largely aimed at carrying out internal transformations, for this it was necessary to ensure a relative external calm. Therefore, the goal of foreign policy by Prince A.M. Gorchakov (Minister of Foreign Affairs) was formulated as “foreign policy should be subordinated to the interests of Russia’s internal development.” In this connection, the following directions were formed: 1) to get out of international isolation and restore the role of Russia as a great power; 2) to destroy the anti-Russian bloc and find allies in Europe; 4) to achieve the abolition of the articles of the Paris Peace Treaty, which prohibited having a fleet in the Black Sea; 5) to secure by treaties the borders of Russia in Central Asia and the Far East.

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