Protein synthesis is carried out by ribosomes. Ribosomes are non-membrane cell organelles that can either freely move in the cytoplasm or be attached to the membrane. Translation, i.e. protein synthesis, takes place with the help of mRNA (messenger RNA) that is provided by DNA. An analogy can be drawn with the fact that mRNA is a blueprint according to which ribosomes, like workers, assemble a structure. It is matrix because it can be compared to a discrete matrix. Of course, this is a very simplified analogy, but such a designation is easier to understand and pronounce than “the amino acid sequence required for gene expression.”
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