With isothermal compression of a gas with a mass of 2 kg, which is at 27 degrees under a pressure of 500 kPa

With isothermal compression of a gas with a mass of 2 kg, which is at 27 degrees under a pressure of 500 kPa, the gas pressure increases 3 times. The compression work is 1.4 MJ. What gas was subjected to isothermal compression and what is its initial volume?

Given:
m = 2kg;
t = 27 ° C;
p1 = 500kPa = 5 * 10 ^ 5 Pa;
p2 = 3 * p1;
T = const;
A = 1.4MJ = 1.4 * 10 ^ 6 J;
R = 8.31J / (mol * K) – universal gas constant;
Find: V1 and determine the type of gas.
In an isothermal process, the work of gas compression is determined from the formula:
A = p1 * V1 * ln (p2 / p1);
V1 = A / [p1 * ln (p2 / p1)] = (1.4 * 10 ^ 6) / [5 * 10 ^ 5 * ln (3)] = 2.55m ^ 3;
Let’s use the equation of state for an ideal gas:
p * V = (m / μ) * R * T,
Where
T = t + 273 ° = 300 ° K – absolute gas temperature,
μ is the molar weight of the gas;
From here we find the molar weight of the gas:
μ = m * R * T / (p1 * V1) = 2 * 8.31 * 300 / (5 * 10 ^ 5 * 2.55) = 0.004kg / mol = 4g / mol.
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