Let us write down the reaction equations for organic substances:
CH4 + Cl2 = CH3Cl + HCl – substitution reaction, occurs in the light, methane chloride is obtained;
CH3Cl + KOH = CH3OH + KCl – exchange, methyl alcohol is released;
CH3OH + HBr = CH3Br + H2O – exchange, bromomethane was formed;
2CH3Br + 2Na = H3C – CH3 + 2NaBr – Wurtz reaction, ethane obtained;
C2H6 + Cl2 = C2H5Cl + HCl – substitutions, chloroethane was formed;
C2H5Cl + KOH = C2H5OH + KCl – exchange, ethanol was obtained;
С2Н5ОН + СН3СООН = СН3СОО – С2Н5 + Н2О – esterification, ethyl acetate is isolated.
The reaction products find practical applications, for example: bromomethane, chloroethane and ethyl acetate are used as solvents.
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