# A ball with a mass of 2 kg, moving at a speed of 4 m / s, collides inelastically with a ball with a mass of 1 kg moving

A ball with a mass of 2 kg, moving at a speed of 4 m / s, collides inelastically with a ball with a mass of 1 kg moving in the same direction, the speed of which is 2 m / s. Find the kinetic energy of the balls after impact.

m1 = 2 kg.

V2 = 4 m / s.

m2 = 1 kg.

V2 = 2 m / s.

Ek -?

The kinetic energy of the balls Ek is determined by the formula: Ek = (m1 + m2) * V2 / 2, where V is the velocity of the balls after inelastic collision.

Since the balls interact only with each other during impact, this system can be considered closed.

For a closed-loop system, the momentum conservation law is valid: the sum of the impulses of a closed-loop system does not change.

m1 * V1 + m2 * V2 = (m1 + m2) * V – vector.

Since before the collision the balls were moving in one direction, then after the collision they will move in the same direction with the speed V = (m1 * V1 + m2 * V2) / (m1 + m2).

V = (2 kg * 4 m / s + 1 kg * 2 m / s) / (2 kg + 1 kg) = 3.3 m / s.

Ek = (2 kg + 1 kg) * (3.3 m / s) 2/2 = 16.3 J.

Answer: after the collision, the kinetic energy of the balls will be Ek = 16.3 J. One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.