# A tower crane lifts a concrete slab weighing 2 tons to a height of 15 m.

A tower crane lifts a concrete slab weighing 2 tons to a height of 15 m. What is the work of the force of gravity acting on the slab?

m = 2 t = 2000 kg.

g = 9.8 m / s2.

h = 15 m.

A -?

The work of force A is called a scalar physical quantity, the value of which is determined by the formula: A = F * S * cosα, where F is the force that acts on the body, S is the displacement of the body, ∠α is the angle between the direction of action of the force F and displacement S.

The force of gravity F directed vertically downwards and is determined by the formula: F = m * g.

The movement of the body S directed vertically upward and in modulus is equal to the height of the lifting of the load: S = h.

since gravity is directed vertically downward and displacement is vertically upward, then ∠α = 180 °.

A = m * g * h * cosα.

A = 2000 kg * 9.8 m / s2 * 15 m * (- 1) = – 294000 J.

Answer: when lifting a load, gravity does work A = – 294000 J. One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.