Compare the Muscovy of the 16-17 centuries and the Russian Empire of the 18th century: the territory and composition of the population, the level of development of the economy and social relations, the forms of relations between power and subjects.
Territory and composition of the population. In 18th century Russia there were more Germans (after the Northern War and their resettlement under Catherine II), Crimean Tatars (from the 1780s), Jews, Poles and Belarusians (after the divisions of the Commonwealth), Estonians, Latvians and Ostsee Germans (after 1721 ). In the 18th century, the territory was supplemented by access to the Black Sea and the Baltic, northern Kazakhstan (along the Irtysh), Kamchatka, Belarus and the right bank of Ukraine.
The level of development of the economy and social relations and the form of relations between power and subjects.
In the 18th century, there was no Zemsky Sobor, and the orders, the Patriarchate, and the Boyar Duma were also abolished. Serfdom intensified, from the 1760s a period of noble liberties began, the Cossacks appeared in the Kuban, there were more manufactories, the first university appeared and the level of education increased. The 18th century was marked by the westernization of the elite under Peter I.
The common thing was the strengthening of the royal power, serfdom, the persecution of the Old Believers.