Compare the structure and function of the medulla oblongata and the spinal cord.

The central nervous system consists of the spinal cord and the brain. The medulla oblongata is a part of the brain, but goes into the dorsal. Because of this, they have many similarities in structure. First of all, this is the arrangement of gray and white matter in the form of a butterfly. This is due to the presence of horns with nerve ganglia. Fibers from the spinal cord to the brain pass through the medulla oblongata. Their location follows the spinal cord. The functions of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata are similar. First of all, these are all vital and elementary – breathing and unconditioned reflexes. Also here are the centers of movement, if damaged, it will become impossible.

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