Determine how many grams of aluminum oxide will be obtained by burning 40 g of lead containing 18% impurities in oxygen?

Elemental aluminum reacts with oxygen gas to form alumina. The reaction is described by the following chemical reaction equation:

4Al + 3O2 = 2Al2O3;

Let’s calculate the chemical amount of aluminum. To do this, we divide the weight of the existing substance by its molar weight.

M Al = 27 grams / mol;

N Al = 40 x (1-0.18) / 27 = 1.2148 mol;

When burning this amount of aluminum, 2 times less amount of aluminum oxide will be synthesized. Let’s determine its weight.

For this purpose, we multiply the amount of the synthesized substance by its molar weight.

M Al2O3 = 27 x 2 + 16 x 3 = 102 grams / mol;

N Al2O3 = 1.2148 / 2 = 0.6074 mol;

m Al2O3 = 0.6074 x 102 = 61.95 grams;

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