Explain why the Arctic is always cold. Give examples of how animals and plants have adapted to life in the Arctic.

In the chilling Arctic it is indeed very cold, and all for a very simple reason – this part of our planet is located in the most unfavorable way to our Sun. And it shines over the Arctic somewhere from the side, not rising high, as if afraid to rise higher and warm the Arctic ice, which has been properly frozen over the centuries. The sun’s rays miss the surface of the soil, they just glide over it. Sometimes, in the summer, the Luminary illuminates the soil better, and then the Arctic life wakes up. But how is life in general possible under such conditions? It turns out that it is possible. Animal plants had to be very tricky, and they found a way out of such icy conditions. Some plants have adapted to the lack of deeply sprouting roots. Mosses, lichens, these plants do not have problems with roots, and therefore, problems with the fact that the soil thaws only a little or with where it grows. Such plants are able to grow on stone. This is how the polar poppy grows – among the small stones. Poppy, on the other hand, has a very strong root. Take the polar bear. His skin and fat help him not to freeze, this is such a simple device. Live, here, and deer, that sous eat moss, they do not need grass. After all, green grass, like everywhere else in Russia, is not here.

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