Manufactory is a small enterprise that is based on the manual labor of people. At manufactories, there was a division of labor into certain branches. Those. each person performed a specific function (work).
At the end of the 18th century, the first factories appeared, which began to supplant manufactories. A factory is a machine-based industrial enterprise aimed at mass production. 1 factory could replace several manufactories.
As a result, with the advent of factories, the number of jobs decreased, hence, unemployment appeared. But the speed of production of goods also increased.
One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.