How does the sun move throughout the year?

The Earth revolves around the Sun in an elliptical orbit, making one complete revolution per year. The angle of inclination of the earth’s axis to the orbital plane is 66.5 °, so there is a change of seasons on the earth. This also determines the apparent movement of the sun in the sky, its dependence on the time of year: the points of sunrise and sunset, its midday height change throughout the year. On the days of the equinox, the midday height h = 90 ° – φ, where φ is the latitude of the area. In winter, this height gradually decreases, reaching a minimum on the day of the winter solstice, and in summer, on the contrary, it increases and reaches a maximum on the day of the summer solstice.

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