# How much coal must be burned in order to convert 5 tons of water taken at 30C into steam?

How much coal must be burned in order to convert 5 tons of water taken at 30C into steam? Boiler efficiency is 60%. The thermal conductivity of coal is 30MJ / kg.

Data: m1 (mass of water) = 5 t = 5000 kg; t0 (initial water temperature) = 30 ºС; η (boiler efficiency) = 60% = 0.6.

Constants: t (boiling point of water) = 100 ºС; C (specific heat of water) = 4200 J / (kg * K); L (specific heat of vaporization of water) = 2.3 * 10 ^ 6 J / kg; according to the condition q (specific heat of combustion of coal) = 30 MJ / kg = 30 * 106 J / kg.

Boiler efficiency: η = m1 * (C * (t – t0) + L) / (q * m2).

m2 = m1 * (C * (t – t0) + L) / (q * η) = 5000 * (4200 * (100 – 30) + 2.3 * 10 ^ 6) / (30 * 10 ^ 6 * 0 , 6) ≈ 721 kg. One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.