# How much does it take to burn oil in a 30% efficiency smelting furnace to bring to the melting point and melt

How much does it take to burn oil in a 30% efficiency smelting furnace to bring to the melting point and melt 10 tons of copper? The initial temperature of copper is 25C.

Efficiency = 30%.

mm = 10 t = 10000 kg.

t1 = 25 ° C.

t2 = 1083 ° C.

Cm = 400 J / kg * ° C.

qн = 4.4 * 10 ^ 7 J / kg.

λm = 2.1 * 10 ^ 5 J / kg.

mн -?

The definition for efficiency will have the form: efficiency = Qpol * 100% / Qpot, where Qpol is the useful amount of heat that goes to heat and melt the shallow, Qpot is the spent heat that is released when burning oil.

Qpol = Cm * mm * (t2 – t1) + λm * mm.

Qpot = qн * mn.

Efficiency = (Cm * mm * (t2 – t1) + λm * mm) * 100% / qn * mn.

mn = (Cm * mm * (t2 – t1) + λm * mm) * 100% / qn * efficiency.

mn = (400 J / kg * ° C * 10000 kg * (1083 ° C – 25 ° C) + 2.1 * 10 ^ 5 J / kg * 10000 kg) * 100% / 4.4 * 10 ^ 7 J / kg * 30% = 480 kg.

Answer: to melt copper, it is necessary to burn oil mn = 480 kg.

One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.