In what part of the world did the first centers of cattle breeding and agriculture emerge?

It is believed that the world centers of agriculture and nomadic pastoralism appeared several thousand years ago in the Middle East, or rather in the area of ​​the so-called “Fertile Crescent” – modern Syria, Iran and Palestine, parts of Jordan and Israel.

Modern historians and anthropologists associate the emergence of these forms of the national economy here with:

varied climate and natural conditions. The Fertile Crescent Region is a combination of oases, deserts, riverbanks and mountainous regions;
the ability of a Middle Eastern person to effectively deal with drought in antiquity;
attempts to grow the most resistant cereals and the domestication of animals.

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