Plants were able to adapt to various habitats – both arid and wet. To do this, they had to change their structure in order to survive. In arid places, there is little moisture that plants need, so they changed the shape of their leaves, turning them into needles (for example, like a cactus), which significantly reduced water consumption and excess evaporation. The roots of dry-loving plants are very long – this is necessary in order to get water from the soil at great depths. Plants in wet places are clearly different from dry-loving ones – they have large and dense leaves, which makes it possible to enhance transpiration – the release of excess moisture from the plant. The moisture-loving plants themselves are larger and more massive than those that live in hot conditions.
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