Medical instruments are sterilized in water at temperatures above 100 degrees, placing them
Medical instruments are sterilized in water at temperatures above 100 degrees, placing them in a special installation – an autoclave. What is the physical quantity that affects the boiling point of water in it?
The boiling point of water depends on the pressure inside the water. Under normal conditions (small containers with water) for open vessels, the pressure in water can be considered equal to atmospheric. At atmospheric pressure, water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. If you increase the pressure, the boiling point will rise. To increase the pressure, the lid of the autoclave is hermetically closed; when the autoclave is heated, the pressure inside it becomes higher than atmospheric. If a safety valve is not provided, there may be an explosion.