Political regime in France in the second half of the 19th century.

In 1848-1852, there was a regime of the second republic in France. The latter was presidential. In 1852, after the 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, the regime of the second empire was established. During the Franco-Prussian War, the Second Empire fell. It was replaced by a third republic – parliamentary. At first, it was a “republic without republicans”, since it was dominated by monarchists, who initially could not only agree on who would become the monarch. As a result, after the incident with the Comte de Chambord, the republic was finally in the minds of the country’s political elite.

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