In the 19th century, the modernization process was purely nominal. And an example of this was the defeat in the Crimean War, which showed a complete cooling of Russian industry and Russian technologies from those possessed by European countries. So the wooden fleet of Russia could not fight with the steam fleet of the Europeans. And the absence of railways, which had already appeared in the same Germany or in the same England, prevented the rapid transfer of aid and reinforcements. There were no big businesses. And most importantly, serfdom was not abolished.
One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.