Segment MN-middle line of trapezoid ABCD with a large base AD. Find the segment MN if AB = 3√5 cm, DC = 4√5, and the perimeter of the trapezoid is 21√5
The middle line of a trapezoid is a segment connecting the midpoints of the lateral sides of the trapezoid and located parallel to the bases of the trapezoid.
According to the theorem on the midline of a trapezoid, its length is equal to the half-sum of the lengths of the bases of the trapezoid. MN = 1/2 * (AD + BC).
The perimeter of a trapezoid is the sum of the lengths of its bases and sides. P = AB + BC + CD + DA.
Knowing that the perimeter is 21√5, AB = 3√5, DC = 4√5, we find the sum of the bases AD and BC.
AD + BC = P – (AB + DC);
AD + BC = 21√5 – (3√5 + 4√5);
AD + BC = 21√5 – 7√5;
AD + BC = 14√5;
Find the middle line of the trapezoid.
MN = 1/2 * (AD + BC);
MN = 1/2 * 14√5;
MN = 7√5.
Answer: 7√5 is the length of the segment MN.
One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.