There are many reasons for the temperature difference in different places on the planet.
The change of seasons due to the movement of the Earth around the Sun, because the Earth’s orbit is not round.
The rotation of the Earth around its axis – for this reason, day and night change. When the sun does not shine, it does not warm.
The tilt of the earth’s axis relative to its orbit – solar energy hits the planet’s surface at different angles.
Flattening – At the poles, the atmosphere is thinner and more heat loss.
The presence of polar caps in the Arctic and Antarctic – snow reflects a significant part of solar energy.
More ocean currents, the movement of the atmosphere, the proximity of the Earth’s surface to the hot core, and much more.
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