In Japan, there was developed feudalism (daimy-feudal lords), the samurai estate, the policy of maximum isolation, the latest arrival of Europeans there (around 1540, after 100 years they were expelled), the Shinto religion, the political system in the form of the power of the emperor and the shogun. They were never conquered. There were no Muslims at all.
The Manchus conquered China in the 17th century and created their own dynasty. The writing was hieroglyphic. In the 15th century, the Chinese fleet sailed to the shores of Somalia, and in the 16th century, constant contacts began with Europeans from the south, and from the middle of the 17th century – from the north (with Russia through Mongolia). Strong imperial power, Ming and Qing dynasties.
India. The caste system, the influence of Islam (Delhi Sultanate), by the 15th century there was already a local Christian community (in Kerala), and a new religion appeared at the junction of Islam and Hinduism – Sikhism. The alphabet was used for writing, the language was Indo-European. Constant contacts with Europeans since 1498. At the end of the 18th century, European expansion simply began.
There were not a number of peculiarities inherent in Europe: universities, parliament, city government.
They produced goods that were expensive in Europe at that time: silk, porcelain, spices.
Active cultivation of rice.
There were no processes similar to the European Renaissance, Enlightenment, Reformation.
One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.