Two forces act on the body: upward, equal to 10 N, and downward, equal to 12 N.

Two forces act on the body: upward, equal to 10 N, and downward, equal to 12 N. Where is the resultant of these forces directed and what is equal to?

Since two forces act on the body: F₁, directed upward and equal in modulus 10 N, and F₂, directed downward and equal in modulus 12 N, the resultant of these forces will be directed towards the action of a force with a greater modulus, that is, towards action of the force F₂. The forces are directed in opposite directions, which means that in order to find the modulus of the resultant of these forces, it is necessary to subtract the value of the force smaller in modulus from the value of the force greater in modulus:

F = F₂ – F₁;

F = 12 H – 10 H;

F = 2 N.

Answer: the resultant of these forces is directed downward and has a value of 2 N.

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