Vasco da Gama made his journey from Portugal to India, circumnavigating Africa. How would he make this journey at the present time? What types of transport can be used for this?
The expedition of the Portuguese Vasco da Gama in the 21st century can be repeated in the following ways:
-Morsky. You only need to sail from Portugal to the Mediterranean Sea, and then through the Suez Canal to the Red Sea, cross it completely and turn east into the Arabian Sea, which separates Africa from India. It is not necessary to go around Africa and make a huge detour.
-By land by car. However, it will be difficult to cross the border of Pakistan or Afghanistan with India due to the difficult relations between these countries and the fighting in Afghanistan. India is also closed on the east side, where Bhutan, China and Myanmar are.
-By rail. There is a train from Lisbon to Madrid, then to Paris, and from the capital of France there is a train to Moscow, although it is more profitable to get local European trains to Brest, and from there to Moscow at the CIS rate. Trains run from the Kazansky railway station in Moscow to Tashkent, Bishkek and Dushanbe. Their quality is so-so, old Soviet cars after repair (for example, on the train to Bishkek). You can get to Tashkent relatively comfortably, and from there there is a night train to Termez. In this city, you can cross the border with Afghanistan, and then somehow enter Pakistan by land (or make a detour through Iran), and then to India. The main thing is to get all visas.
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