What are the main stages of the Thirty Years War? what were its results?

The Thirty Years’ War was a conflict between Protestants and Catholics, but later grew into a struggle against the Habsburg hegemony in Europe. The time frame of the war covers the years 1618-1648, in this connection, it can be divided into the following stages:

1.Czech-Palatinate period (1618-1624).

2. Danish period (1624-1629).

3. Swedish period (1630-1635).

4. Franco-Swedish (1635-1648).

Finally, the war ended after the signing of the peace treaty on October 24, 1648, he received the name of the Westphalian Peace Agreement. The result of the war was the transfer by Germany of the territories of Alsace to France. Sweden received areas in the Baltic States. In addition, the United Provinces and Switzerland received independence status.

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