Developed the first relatively successful artificial system of the organic world. He took the form as the basis of his system and considered him an elementary unit of living nature. Closely related species united them into genera, genera into detachments, detachments into classes. Introduced the principle of binary nomenclature into taxonomy.
The disadvantages of Linnaeus’ system consisted in the fact that when classifying, he took into account only 1-2 features (in plants – the number of stamens, in animals – the structure of the respiratory and circulatory systems), which did not reflect true kinship, therefore distant genera were in the same class, and close ones – in different. Linnaeus considered species in nature to be immutable, created by the Creator.
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