What creates a special microclimate in the mountains?

The mountainous environment has different climatic conditions. The differences in climate are due to two main reasons: altitude and relief.
Altitude affects climate because atmospheric temperature drops with an increase in altitude by about 0.5-0.6 ° C for every 100 meters.
Terrain affects climate because mountains block the path of wind systems and cause air to rise above them. As the air rises, it cools, resulting in higher precipitation on the windward mountain slopes.

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