What do you think was the reason for Italy’s backwardness?

For a long time Italy was divided into several states, all of which were quite conservative. The territory of Italy found itself in a secondary role in Europe even during the period of confrontation between Catholics and Protestants in the 17th century. An industrial revolution began later in the country.

One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.